Prasad (Offerings): Fruits, thecha (flattened rice), and sweets symbolize offerings to the Sun God.
Diya (Lamp): A traditional earthen lamp to illuminate the puja area, symbolizing light and purity.
Thekua: Specially prepared sweet snacks made of wheat flour, jaggery, and ghee, a Chhath Puja staple.
Coconut: Offered whole or broken, symbolizing purity and the nourishing energy of the Sun God.
Sugarcane Stalks: A representation of sweetness and prosperity, often included in Chhath Puja rituals.
Mauli (Sacred Thread): Tied on the items and wrists, symbolizing protection and blessings.
Red and Yellow Chunari (Cloth): Used to cover the puja items, symbolizing auspiciousness and devotion.
Turmeric and Kumkum (Vermilion): Applied to the items, symbolizing purity and devotion to the Sun God.
Fruits and Nuts: Offerings of seasonal fruits, betel nuts, and other nuts represent gratitude and abundance.
Ganga Jal (Holy Water): Collected from the sacred Ganges River, used for purification and rituals during Chhath Puja.