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January 11 marks the death anniversary of Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second prime minister of India. Shastri ji, who worked with full dedication for many decades for the country, is remembered for his tremendous efficiency, integrity, and humble nature.

Shastri was born to Sharada Prasad Srivastava and Ramdulari Devi in Mughalsarai on 2 October 1904. He studied in East Central Railway Inter college and Harish Chandra High School, which he left to join the non-cooperation movement. 

His slogan "Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan" became very popular during the war.

He promoted the White Revolution – a national campaign to increase the production and supply of milk – by supporting the Amul milk co-operative of Anand, Gujarat and creating the National Dairy Development Board.

Shastri also promoted the Green Revolution in India in 1965. This led to an increase in food grain production, especially in Punjab, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh.

Shastri took a deep interest in the freedom struggle and began to study its history and the works of several of its noted personalities, including those of Swami Vivekananda, Mahatma Gandhi and Annie Besant.

Inspired by the Mahatma's call for students to withdraw from government schools and join the non-cooperation movement, Shastri withdrew from Harish Chandra High School the next day and joined the local branch of the Congress Party as a volunteer.

After participating in the Quit India Movement of Mahatma Gandhi in 1942, he had to remain in jail till 1946. Shastri ji spent nine years in jail for the freedom struggle.

After independence, he moved to New Delhi in 1951 and took charge of several departments of the Union Cabinet.

He was also Minister of Railways, Minister of Transport and Communication, Minister of Commerce and Industry, Minister of Home Affairs and Minister.

The mystery behind his death is still not solved. After the war between India and Pakistan ended in 1965, Shastri had gone to Tashkent for a peace agreement. He met President Ayub Khan, but after his meeting, he suddenly died within a few hours. The reason behind his death was stated as cardiac arrest. When his body was brought to India, many eyewitnesses saw unnatural blue and white spots on his face and body, so the actual reason is still not known.

Lal Bahadur Shastri played an integral role in the Independence of India.

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