Parents take note: self-controlled children may lead to healthier middle-age life

The people with the highest self-control were found to walk faster and have younger-looking faces at age 45 as well.

Self-controlled children have higher possibilities of leading a healthier middle-aged adult life, a new study suggests. The study, published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, determined that people who had higher levels of self-control as children were ageing more slowly than their peers at age 45. Their bodies and brains were healthier and biologically younger.

"Our population is growing older, and living longer with age-related diseases," said the researcher, Leah Richmond-Rakerd, Assistant Professor, University of Michigan.

"It's important to identify ways to help individuals prepare successfully for later-life challenges, and live more years free of disability. We found that self-control in early life may help set people up for healthy ageing," Richmond-Rakerd added.

For the study, the team assessed a thousand people from birth through age 45 in New Zealand, putting them through a battery of psychological and health assessments at regular intervals since, the most recent being at age 45.

From ages 26 to 45, the participants were also measured for physiological signs of ageing in several organ systems, including the brain. In all measures, higher childhood self-control correlated with slower ageing.

The people with the highest self-control were found to walk faster and have younger-looking faces at age 45 as well.

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Self-control can also be taught, and the researchers suggest that a societal investment in such training could improve life span and quality of life, not only in childhood but also perhaps in midlife, the researcher said.

There is ample evidence that changing behaviours in midlife (quitting smoking or taking up exercise) leads to improved outcomes, they added.



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