A brief look at the data published on the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways website. In the year 2020, the total number of road accidents reported was 3, 66,138, of which around 1, 31,714 people died. Road accidents can take place due to several reasons. The government is continuously working to bring down such incidents. Earlier the government had made the installation of airbags mandatory, and the advice to increase the number of airbags to six was also placed. Recently major changes were brought in the design of the tyres, through an amendment in the Motor Vehicle Act by the central government. 

What are the new rules?
From the 1st of October, tyres of the new design will replace the old ones in the market, Moreover, from April 1st, 2023 it will be mandatory to place new tyres in the vehicles.

Ratings of tyres under new rules:
As per the savings in Petrol and Diesel, the government is bringing the system of ratings for the tyres. At present, the quality of tyres sold in India undergoes the rule of BIS, the Bureau of Indian Standards system. But, through this system, the customer doesn’t get this information while purchasing the tyres, through which they can avail of the benefit.

 How to understand the rating system?

Whenever you are out to purchase any kind of electronic item you first look for the ratings, which give you a fair idea about the product. These ratings are provided by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency, besides the year of rating is also mentioned. Likewise, ratings for tyres will also be given, which customers can see before buying. However, how the ratings will be provided is yet to be disclosed.

 Broadly there are three categories of tyres:

C1- For passenger cars

C2- Small commercial vehicles

C3- Heavy commercial vehicles

Now for all these three categories of tyres, new rules and parameters will be implemented based on Automotive Indian Standard, AIS.

What is AIS, Automotive Indian Standard?
The vehicles produced in India have to follow the guidelines and rules laid down under Indian Standards and Automotive Indian Standards. AIS looks after the production, design, maintenance and recovery of vehicles.

 Before buying tyres keep these things in mind

At the time of buying tyres what one must keep in mind is the size. If on the side of the tyres it is written (195/55 R 16 87 V) that means the width of the tyre is 199mm. the expert ratio that is the height of the tyre is 55%. ‘R’ implies the tyre radial and the size of the tyre is 16 inches. Whereas, 87 means load indexing and ‘V’ implies the ratings of tyre speed. If you are going to change your tyres then look for the standard size tyres made by the company. This is designed based on the vehicle’s power, mileage and performance. Based on the structure there are two categories of tyres in the market, tube and tubeless. One must always prefer tubeless because it provides great safety over tyres having tubes. Tubeless tyres can easily be repaired if punctured.

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