Satyendra Nath Bose: In a unique doodle, search giant Google has paid tribute to an Indian physicist and mathematician, Satyendra Nath Bose, for his extraordinary contribution to the field of science. The Google Doodle for June 4th marks the Bose-Einstein condensate.
On this day, in 1924, he gave his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein, and Einstein immediately recognized Bose's formulation as a major quantum mechanics breakthrough. Today's doodle shows a cartoon-like illustration of Bose, who is seen doing some sort of experiment.
When one searches Google, one will see Bose holding a clipboard and a pen, with mathematical formulas running in the background. Once one will click on the doodle, he/she will reach a web page where one can read all the related information about Satyendra Nath Bose.
Who was Satyendra Nath Bose?
Indian mathematician Satyendra Nath Bose, who specialized in 'theoretical physics', was born on January 1, 1894, in Kolkata. Today, he is best known for inventing the 'foundation for Bose statistics' and 'theory of the Bose condensate' in quantum mechanics in the early 1920s.
He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and received the Padma Vibhushan, India's second-highest civilian honour, from the Government of India in 1954. He was also appointed as the 'National Professor', India's highest honour for academics.
Achieved this title at the age of just 15
Bose's prominence in academics began. His enthusiasm for mathematics was fueled by his father, an accountant, who wrote down an arithmetic problem for him to answer each day before leaving for work. Bose began studying for a Bachelor of Science degree at the Presidency College in Calcutta at the age of 15 and later earned a master's degree in Mathematics at the University of Calcutta.
The importance of the discovery was quickly realized by Einstein, who applied Bose's formula to a wide spectrum of phenomena. Later, Bose became the president of several scientific organizations, including the Indian Physical Society, the National Institute of Science, the Indian Science Congress and the Indian Statistical Institute.