Colon cancer arises due to multiple factors and is complex. Risk factors include sedentary lifestyle, obesity, tobacco use, low fiber diet and alcohol consumption. Dr Niranjan Naik, Director, Surgical Oncology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram brought the matter into the limelight that high fibre diet helps in lowering the risks.
Age above 60 years, a positive family history of colorectal cancer and having familial polyposis syndrome could be among reasons to develop high-risk for colon cancer. For diagnosis of colonoscopy, it is recommended to get check at age of 50 and then every 10 years, if the results be normal.
According to new research which analyzed 25 different studies revealed eating a high-fibre is associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer. Analysis compared groups with the highest intake of fibre daily with groups with the lowest intake.
Dietary fiber is a non-starch complex carbohydrates which is found in plant foods. They are of 2 types: soluble and insoluble. There are not non-vegetarian (animal) sources for fiber.
Insoluble-fiber sources include brown rice, fruits like apples, legumes, seeds, whole grains, vegetables such as Brussels sprouts and cabbage, and wheat bran.